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Microstructure and interfacial reactions during active metal brazing of stainless steel to titanium

Laik, A.; Shirzadi, A. A.; Tewari, R. and Kumar, Anish (2013). Microstructure and interfacial reactions during active metal brazing of stainless steel to titanium. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 44(5) pp. 2212–2225.

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Microstructural evolution and interfacial reactions during active metal vacuum brazing of Ti (grade-2) and stainless steel (SS 304L) using a Ag-based alloy containing Cu, Ti, and Al was investigated. A Ni-depleted solid solution layer and a discontinuous layer of (Ni,Fe)2TiAl intermetallic compound formed on the SS surface and adjacent to the SS-braze alloy interface, respectively. Three parallel contiguous layers of intermetallic compounds, CuTi, AgTi, and (Ag,Cu)Ti2, formed at the Ti-braze alloy interface. The diffusion path for the reaction at this interface was established. Transmission electron microscopy revealed formation of nanocrystals of Ag-Cu alloy of size ranging between 20 and 30 nm in the unreacted braze alloy layer. The interdiffusion zone of β-Ti(Ag,Cu) solid solution, formed on the Ti side of the joint, showed eutectoid decomposition to lamellar colonies of α-Ti and internally twinned (Cu,Ag)Ti2 inter- metallic phase, with an orientation relationship between the two. Bend tests indicated that the failure in the joints occurred by formation and propagation of the crack mostly along the Ti- braze alloy interface, through the (Ag,Cu)Ti2 phase layer.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2013 The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International
ISSN: 1073-5623
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetNot SetEPSCRC
Keywords: brazing; titanium; stainless steel; microstructure; intermetallics
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 36757
Depositing User: Amir Shirzadi
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2013 09:31
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2020 23:13
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