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Semantics of the transitive construction: prototype effects and developmental comparisons

Ibbotson, Paul; Theakston, Anna; Lieven, Elena and Tomasello, Michael (2012). Semantics of the transitive construction: prototype effects and developmental comparisons. Cognitive Science, 36(7) pp. 1268–1288.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-6709.2012.01249.x
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Abstract

This paper investigates whether an abstract linguistic construction shows the kind of prototype effects characteristic of non-linguistic categories, in both adults and young children. Adapting the prototype-plus-distortion methodology of Franks and Bransford (1971), we found that whereas adults were lured toward false-positive recognition of sentences with prototypical transitive semantics, young children showed no such effect. We examined two main implications of the results. First, it adds a novel data point to a growing body of research in cognitive linguistics and construction grammar that shows abstract linguistic categories can behave in similar ways to non-linguistic categories, for example, by showing graded membership of a category. Thus, the findings lend psychological validity to the existing cross-linguistic evidence for prototypical transitive semantics. Second, we discuss a possible explanation for the fact that prototypical sentences were processed differently in adults and children, namely, that children’s transitive semantic network is not as interconnected or cognitively coherent as adults’.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2012 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.
ISSN: 1551-6709
Keywords: prototype; categorization; grammar; semantics
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS) > Education, Childhood, Youth and Sport > Childhood, Youth and Sport > Childhood and Youth
Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS) > Education, Childhood, Youth and Sport > Childhood, Youth and Sport
Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS) > Education, Childhood, Youth and Sport
Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS)
Research Group: Childhood Youth and Sport Group (CYSG)
Item ID: 36216
Depositing User: Paul Ibbotson
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2013 10:47
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2018 09:30
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/36216
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