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Cognition, motivation, emotion and action: a dynamic and vulnerable interdependence

Toates, Frederick (2004). Cognition, motivation, emotion and action: a dynamic and vulnerable interdependence. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 86(3-4) pp. 173–204.

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A model of the interactive processes of cognition, motivation, emotion and action selection is proposed. Building on earlier theoretical models, it is argued that behaviour is determined by a combination of 'on-line' direct controls and 'off-line' cognitive controls. These result in different modes of behavioural control exhibiting different behavioural properties. Certain similar changes over phylogeny and ontogeny can be observed in terms of an altered relative weight between these controls. Under natural conditions, adaptation can be served by a change of weight between different levels of control as a function of circumstances. It is suggested that under abnormal conditions, e.g. in certain domestic environments, the change in weight of control can be such as to lead to behavioural pathology. Conversely, by a focus on different levels of control, the model can also give indications of good welfare practice.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2004 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 0168-1591
Extra Information: International Society for Applied Ethology Special Issue: A selection of papers from the 36th ISAE International Congress
Keywords: motivation; cognition; Dopamine; affect; stereotypes; welfare
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Biomedical Research Network (BRN)
Item ID: 3611
Depositing User: Frederick Toates
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2016 09:50
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