The Open UniversitySkip to content

Exploratory factor and principal component analyses: some new aspects

Trendafilov, Nickolay; Unkel, Steffen and Krzanowski, Wojtek (2013). Exploratory factor and principal component analyses: some new aspects. Statistics and Computing, 23(2) pp. 209–220.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) are popular techniques for simplifying the presentation of, and investigating the structureof, an (n × p) data matrix. However, these fundamentally different techniques are frequently confused, and the differences between them are obscured, because they give similar results in some practical cases. We therefore investigate conditions under which they are expected to be close to each other, by considering EFA as a matrix decomposition so that it can be directly compared with the data matrix decomposition underlying PCA. Correspondingly, we propose an extended version of PCA, called the EFA-like PCA, which mimics the EFA matrix decomposition in the sense that they contain the same unknowns. We provide iterative algorithms for estimating the EFA-like PCA parameters, and derive conditions that have to be satisfied for the two techniques to give similar results. Throughout, we consider separately the cases n > p and p ≥ n. All derived algorithms and matrix conditions are illustrated on two data sets, one for each of these two cases.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
ISSN: 1573-1375
Keywords: data matrix decomposition; SVD and QR factorization; projected gradients; optimality conditions; Procrustes problems
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Mathematics and Statistics
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 35887
Depositing User: Nickolay Trendafilov
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2012 17:01
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 10:11
Share this page:


Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU