Ramage, Magnus and Shipp, Karen
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‘Systems thinking’ is a portmanteau term for a body of theories and techniques that unite around a focus on whole systems and relationships between entities, rather than breaking systems down into their individual components and considering those components in isolation. Various forms of modelling are central within systems thinking, with many of the modelling techniques being developed from work originally carried out in engineering and technology settings, but applied to human-centred application domains, in particular organisations and the environment, but also many others. In this chapter we will discuss four quite different systems modelling approaches that have adapted modelling techniques from engineering to studies of humanity: system dynamics (the work of Jay Forrester and others, applied to organisational, economic and ecological systems); the viable systems model of Stafford Beer (applied to organisational systems); the work of Howard Odum on ecological systems; and the systems diagramming approach of the former Faculty of Technology at the Open University.
|Item Type:||Book Chapter|
|Copyright Holders:||2012 Springer-Verlag|
|Academic Unit/Department:||Mathematics, Computing and Technology > Computing & Communications
Mathematics, Computing and Technology
|Depositing User:||Magnus Ramage|
|Date Deposited:||02 Nov 2012 12:02|
|Last Modified:||19 Jan 2016 03:19|
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- Expanding the concept of ‘model’: the transfer from technological to human domains within systems thinking. (deposited 02 Nov 2012 12:02) [Currently Displayed]