Factors influencing the life cycle burdens of the recovery of energy from residual municipal waste

Burnley, Stephen and Coleman, Terry (2012). Factors influencing the life cycle burdens of the recovery of energy from residual municipal waste. In: Venice 2012, Fourth International Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Waste, 12-14 Nov 2012, Venice.

Abstract

A life cycle assessment was carried out to assess the environmental impacts and benefits of incinerating non-recyclable municipal waste. The results demonstrate that incineration has significant advantages over landfill. To maximise these benefits for a given waste composition, the energy generation stage of the process should be as efficient as possible and materials, particularly aluminium, should be reclaimed from the residues. The overall environmental benefits/burdens of EfW also strongly depend on the source of the power displaced by the EfW.

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