Gjersoe, Nathalia and Hood, Bruce, M.
On the adaptive advantage of always being right (even when one is not).
Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32(6) pp. 521–522.
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We propose another positive illusion – overconfidence in the generalisability of one’s theory – that fits with McKay & Dennett’s (M&D’s) criteria for adaptive misbeliefs. This illusion is pervasive in adult reasoning but we focus on its prevalence in children’s developing theories. It is a strongly held conviction arising from normal functioning of the doxastic system that confers adaptive advantage on the individual.
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