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Do children think that duplicating the body also duplicates the mind?

Hood, Bruce; Gjersoe, Nathalia L. and Bloom, Paul (2012). Do children think that duplicating the body also duplicates the mind? Cognition, 125(3) pp. 466–474.

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Philosophers use hypothetical duplication scenarios to explore intuitions about personal identity. Here we examined 5- to 6-year-olds’ intuitions about the physical properties and memories of a live hamster that is apparently duplicated by a machine. In Study 1, children thought that more of the original’s physical properties than episodic memories were present in the duplicate hamster. In Study 2, children thought that episodic memories of the hamster were less likely to duplicate than events captured by a digital camera. Studies
3 and 4 ruled out lower-level explanations of these effects. Study 5 showed that naming the original hamster further reduced the inferred duplication of memories in the second hamster. Taken together, these studies are consistent with the view that young children think that some mental properties are distinct from physical ones.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2012 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 0010-0277
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetNot SetLeverhulme Trust, UK, , Portugal
Not SetNot SetThe Bial Foundation, Portugal
Not SetNot SetPerrott-Warwick Trust, UK.
Keywords: Identity, Haecceity, Duplication, Dualism
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS)
Research Group: Centre for Research in Education and Educational Technology (CREET)
Childhood Youth and Sport Group (CYSG)
Item ID: 35136
Depositing User: Nathalia Gjersoe
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2012 12:01
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2020 06:14
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