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Investigation of the single case in neuropsychology: confidence limits on the abnormality of test scores and test score differences

Crawford, J.R. and Garthwaite, Paul H. (2002). Investigation of the single case in neuropsychology: confidence limits on the abnormality of test scores and test score differences. Neuropsychologia, 40(8) pp. 1196–1208.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0028-3932(01)00224-X
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Abstract

Neuropsychologists often need to estimate the abnormality of an individual patient’s test score, or test score discrepancies, when the normative or control sample against which the patient is compared is modest in size. Crawford and Howell [The Clinical Neuropsychologist 12 (1998) 482] and Crawford et al. [Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 20 (1998) 898] presented methods for obtaining point estimates of the abnormality of test scores and test score discrepancies in this situation. In the present study, we extend this work by developing methods of setting confidence limits on the estimates of abnormality. Although these limits can be used with data from normative or control samples of any size, they will be most useful when the sample sizes are modest. We also develop a method for obtaining point estimates and confidence limits on the abnormality of a discrepancy between a patient’s mean score on k-tests and a test entering into that mean. Computer programs that implement the formulae for the confidence limits (and point estimates) are described and made available.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 0028-3932
Keywords: Neuropsychology; Abnormality; Confidence limits; Single case studies
Academic Unit/Department: Mathematics, Computing and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics
Item ID: 3450
Depositing User: Users 2598 not found.
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2010 19:49
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/3450
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