Fossati, L.; Bagnulo, S.; Haswell, C. A.; Patel, M. R.; Busuttil, R.; Kowalski, P. M.; Shulyak, D. V. and Sterzik, M. F.
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|DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:||http://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/757/1/L15|
|Google Scholar:||Look up in Google Scholar|
Since there are several ways planets can survive the giant phase of the host star, we examine the habitability and detection of planets orbiting white dwarfs. As a white dwarf cools from 6000K to 4000K a planet orbiting at 0.01AU would remain in the Continuous Habitable Zone (CHZ) for ~8Gyr. We show that photosynthetic processes can be sustained on such planets. The DNA-weighted UV radiation dose for an Earth-like planet in the CHZ is less than the maxima encountered on Earth, hence non-magnetic white dwarfs are compatible with the persistence of complex life. Polarisation due to a terrestrial planet in the CHZ of a cool white dwarf is 102 (104) times larger than it would be in the habitable zone of a typical M-dwarf (Sun-like star). Polarimetry is thus a viable way to detect close-in rocky planets around white dwarfs. Multi-band polarimetry would also allow reveal the presence of a planet atmosphere, providing a first characterisation. Planets in the CHZ of a 0.6 M⊙ white dwarf will be distorted by Roche geometry, and a Kepler-11d analogue would overfill its Roche lobe. With current facilities a Super-Earth-sized atmosphereless planet is detectable with polarimetry around the brightest known cool white dwarf. Planned future facilities render smaller planets detectable, in particular by increasing the instrumental sensitivity in the blue.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Copyright Holders:||2012 The American Astronomical Society|
|Extra Information:||6 pp.|
|Keywords:||white dwarfs; planets and satellites|
|Academic Unit/Department:||Science > Physical Sciences
|Interdisciplinary Research Centre:||Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)|
|Depositing User:||Astrid Peterkin|
|Date Deposited:||01 Aug 2012 08:42|
|Last Modified:||25 Feb 2016 12:00|
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