Bardach, Dendev; Knyazeva, Svetlana and Lane, Andy
(2012). Introducing the opportunities and challenges of OER: the case of the Commonwealth of Independent States and Baltic States.
In: Glennie, Jenny; Harley, Ken; Butcher, Neil and Van Wyk, Trudi eds.
Perspectives on Open Educational Resources (OER) as a Catalyst for Educational Change: Case Studies and Reflections of Practice.
Vancouver: Commonwealth of Learning, pp. 27–39.
This chapter describes the results of surveys undertaken by the UNESCO Institute for Information Technologies in Education, based in Moscow, aimed at investigating the prerequisites, challenges and opportunities for the production and use of OER in the non-English speaking countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Uzbekistan) and the Baltic States (Latvia and Lithuania). Based both on the historical background to the educational systems within these countries and the analysis of the survey results, the most typical barriers and challenges to the development and repurposing of OER are identified. Some recommendations for the steps needed to overcome the identified barriers and meet the necessary challenges in order to further promote OER in these countries are developed and described. To support these conclusions, some results of analogous surveys conducted by the Institute for Brazil, China, Japan, Mongolia, Turkey and Vietnam are cited.
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