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L-VRAP - a Lunar Volatile Resources Analysis Package for lunar exploration

Wright, I. P.; Sheridan, S.; Morse, A. D.; Merrifield, J. A.; Waugh, L. J.; Howe, C. J.; Gibson, E. K. and Pillinger, C. T. (2012). L-VRAP - a Lunar Volatile Resources Analysis Package for lunar exploration. Planetary and Space Science, 74(1) pp. 254–263.


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The Lunar Volatile Resources Analysis Package (L-VRAP) has been conceived to deliver some of the objectives of the proposed Lunar Lander mission currently being studied by the European Space Agency. The purpose of the mission is to demonstrate and develop capability; the impetus is very much driven by a desire to lay the foundations for future human exploration of the Moon. Thus, LVRAP has design goals that consider lunar volatiles from the perspective of both their innate scientific interest and also their potential for in situ utilisation as a resource. The device is a dual mass spectrometer system and is capable of meeting the requirements of the mission with respect to detection, quantification and characterisation of volatiles. Through the use of appropriate sampling techniques, volatiles from either the regolith or atmosphere (exosphere) can be analysed. Furthermore, since L-VRAP has the capacity to determine isotopic compositions, it should be possible for the instrument to determine the sources of the volatiles that are found on the Moon (be they lunar per se, extra-lunar, or contaminants imparted by the mission itself)

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2012 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN: 0032-0633
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetContract 4000103345/11/NL/AFESA
Keywords: mass spectrometer; lunar; ESA; volatiles; lunar lander
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Physical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Related URLs:
Item ID: 33384
Depositing User: Simon Sheridan
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2012 09:27
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 10:05
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