The Formal system paradigm for studying failures

Peters, Geoffrey and Fortune, Joyce (2003). The Formal system paradigm for studying failures. In: Midgley, G. ed. Systems thinking: systems theories and modelling (4 vols). Sage Library in Business and Management, 2. Sage, pp. 383–390.



About the book: Systems Thinking brings together classic and contemporary writings that cross the entire breadth of the systems field. The four-volume set includes the most influential theoretical papers, as well as applications in domains as diverse as global environmental modelling, business strategy, public sector planning, family therapy and the management of organizations.
Key critiques of the leading writers allow the researcher to understand how and why paradigm breaks took place, and to grasp the extraordinary diversification of systems theory and practice we see today.

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