Monaghan, Adrian; Blundel, Richard and Thomas, Christine
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Governments around the world are beginning to respond to the complex challenges of sustainable development. Until recently, much of the emphasis of policy-makers was around the ‘greening’ of larger public and private sector organisations. However, over the last two decades there has been an increasing interest in enhancing the environmental performance of SMEs. Many different policy tools have been introduced in an attempt to control against environmentally damaging economic activity on the part of SMEs, and to encourage them to adopt more environmentally benign ways of operating . While some of these interventions have proved effective in their own terms, better integrated approaches are now required to address complex and deep-rooted sustainability challenges. It is also necessary to:
• clarify the purpose of each intervention, taking into account potential interactions and trade-offs;
• select appropriate tools based on an informed review of the available options;
• address geographic, sectoral and firm-level characteristics;
• recognise that environmental responsibility is a product of multi-level interactions involving SME owner-managers, their enterprises, and contexts in which they operate.
Environmental policy for SMEs is a vast arena, which extends from relatively modest local conservation projects to ambitious ‘green new deals’ that span national and regional economies. This paper provides an overview of the main types of policy developed in the last 20 years. Its aims are to:
1. Introduce the main options available to policy-makers seeking to influence the environmental performance of SMEs and entrepreneurial firms;
2. Review available evidence on the effectiveness and impact of specific interventions;
3. Stimulate debate on the framing of future policies in this area.
The paper draws primarily on examples of environmental policy-making in European countries, but its arguments have a more general application. The main focus of the paper is on waste management and climate change mitigation, two key environmental policy arenas in which there are significant implications for SMEs. The remainder of the paper is organised as follows. Section 2 considers the context in which policies are framed, arguments presented in support of intervention, and the main policy options. Section 3 examines four case-based examples, analysing their policy context and drivers, summarising the tools selected and evaluating their impact, highlighting potential strengths and limitations. Section 4 discusses the main implications for environmental policy and practice.
|Item Type:||Conference Item|
|Copyright Holders:||2012 The Authors|
|Academic Unit/Department:||Open University Business School|
|Interdisciplinary Research Centre:||Innovation, Knowledge & Development research centre (IKD)|
|Depositing User:||Richard Blundel|
|Date Deposited:||08 Mar 2012 16:30|
|Last Modified:||30 Jan 2016 20:33|
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