Autes, G.; Mathon, J. and Umerski, A.
Reflection mechanism for generating spin transfer torque without charge current.
Journal of Applied Physics, 111(5) article 053909.
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A reflection mechanism for generating spin-transfer torque is proposed. It is due to interference of bias-driven nonequilibrium electrons incident on a switching junction, with the electrons reflected from an insulating barrier inserted in the junction after the switching magnet. It is shown, using the rigorous Keldysh formalism, that this out-of-plane torque T⊥ is proportional to an applied bias and is as large as the torque in a conventional junction generated by a strong charge current. However, the charge current and the in-plane torque T∥ are almost completely suppressed by the insulating barrier. This junction thus offers the highly applicable possibility of bias-induced switching of magnetization without charge current.
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