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Phonological and visuospatial short-term memory in children with specific language impairment

Henry, Lucy A.; Messer, David J. and Nash, Gilly (2012). Phonological and visuospatial short-term memory in children with specific language impairment. Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology, 11(1) pp. 45–56.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/1945-8959.11.1.45
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Abstract

An investigation was carried out into the phonological short-term memory (PSTM) and visuospatial short-term memory (VSSTM) skills of children with specific language impairment (SLI; n = 41) using memory span tasks. Individuals with SLI were compared with children who had milder degrees of language difficulty (“low language functioning“ [LLF]; n = 31) and children with typical development (n = 88). Regression analyses examined the effects of group after controlling for age and non-verbal IQ; further regressions included an additional control for verbal IQ. Even after controlling for all of these variables, children with SLI and LLF showed significantly weaker PSTM than children with typical development. For VSSTM, there were no overall group differences in performance. The findings imply that the PSTM difficulties that have been reported in children with SLI are substantial, whereas VSSTM appears to be an area of relative strength for most children with SLI.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2012 Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology
ISSN: 2044-592X
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetNot SetESRC (Economic and Social Research Council)
Academic Unit/Department: Education and Language Studies > Childhood, Development and Learning
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Research in Education and Educational Technology (CREET)
Related URLs:
Item ID: 33024
Depositing User: David Messer
Date Deposited: 28 May 2012 09:53
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2012 14:20
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/33024
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