Crawford, John R. ; Garthwaite, Paul H. and Ryan, Kevin
Comparing a single case to a control sample: testing for neuropsychological deficits and dissociations in the presence of covariates.
Cortex, 47(10) pp. 1166–1178.
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Existing inferential methods of testing for a deficit or dissociation in the single case are extended to allow researchers to control for the effects of covariates. The new (Bayesian) methods provide a significance test, point and interval estimates of the effect size for the difference between the case and controls, and point and interval estimates of the abnormality of a case’s score, or standardized score difference. The methods have a wide range of potential applications, e.g., they can provide a means of increasing the statistical power to detect deficits or dissociations, or can be used to test whether differences between a case and controls survive partialling out the effects of potential confounding variables. The methods are implemented in a series of computer programs for PCs (these can be downloaded from www.abdn.ac.uk/~psy086/dept/Single_Case_Covariates.htm). Illustrative examples of the methods are provided.
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