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CO and CI maps of the starburst galaxy M82

White, G. J.; Ellison, B.; Claude, S.; Dent, W. R. F. and Matheson, D. N. (1994). CO and CI maps of the starburst galaxy M82. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 284 L23-L26.

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Abstract

The first map of an external galaxy in the 3P₁ - 3P0 fine-structure line of atomic carbon (CI) is presented towards the nucleus of the starbuster M82, and compared with the distinction of the CO J = 4 - 3 molecular emission. The CI traces features that are seen in lower transition CO maps, and shows that CI and the CO are well mixed and have similar spatial distributions. There are small differences between the CO J = 4 - 3 line and lower transition CO data towards the NE part of the molecular ring, where the emission is less prominent. The abundance ratio [CI]/[CO] across M82 is very high, with an average value ~ 0.5 across most of the nucleus, a factor at least 5 times that which is typical of dense molecular cloud cores seen in our own Galaxy. This means that on average, CI is overabundant towards M82. This result can be explained using models which provide enhancements to the CI abundance above normal Interstellar Medium values, a result of a greater cosmic ray flux in M82, or where there is substantial mixing of the gas.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: European Southern Observatory
ISSN: 1432-0746
Keywords: astronomical maps; carbon; carbon monoxide; galactic nuclei; starburst galaxies; abundance; interstellar matter; molecular clouds; molecular spectra
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Physical Sciences
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)
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Item ID: 32720
Depositing User: Glenn White
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2012 15:06
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2013 13:54
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/32720
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