The Open UniversitySkip to content

The 2006 eruption of Augustine volcano: combined analyses of thermal satellite data and reduced displacement

van Manen, Saskia M.; Dehn, Jonathan; West, Michael E.; Blake, Stephen and Rothery, David A. (2010). The 2006 eruption of Augustine volcano: combined analyses of thermal satellite data and reduced displacement. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper(1769) pp. 553–567.

Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


Augustine Volcano erupted explosively after 20 years of quiescence on January 11, 2006, followed by approximately 2 months of dome building and lava extrusion. This is the best monitored eruption in Alaska to date; the diverse complementary datasets gathered enable an interdisciplinary interpretation of volcanic activity. An analysis of reduced displacement (continuous measure of seismic tremor amplitude) and thermal energy output (from satellite imagery) observed between January 1 and April 30, 2006, shows relationships linked to the type of eruptive activity. Three different types of volcanic behavior can be identified as they show specific patterns in the combined data sets: (1) explosive activity, (2) lava extrusion (dome growth), and (3) cooling of erupted products. Explosive activity was characterized by high reduced displacement values but relatively low radiative thermal flux. Lava extrusion occurred in three distinct sequences characterized by increased values of reduced displacement and increased thermal emissions. Two periods of elevated thermal energy output and reduced displacement coincided with times of deflation, suggesting an increase in extrusion rate. Periods of cooling were marked by decreasing thermal emissions and reduced displacement. This work highlights the value of combined observations, which reveal more about the status of an active volcano than individual methods alone.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2010 The Authors
Extra Information: The 2006 Eruption of Augustine Volcano, Alaska
Power, J.A., Coombs, M.L., and Freymueller, J T., editors
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1769
ISBN 978-1-4113-2981-2
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Environment, Earth and Ecosystems
Science > Physical Sciences
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)
Related URLs:
Item ID: 32519
Depositing User: Saskia van Manen
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2012 09:27
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2016 13:47
Share this page:

▼ Automated document suggestions from open access sources

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   + 44 (0)870 333 4340