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Aflatoxin M1 determination in raw milk using a flow-injection immunoassay system

Badea, Mihaela; Micheli, Laura; Messia, Maria Cristina; Candigliota, Tiziana; Marconi, Emanuele; Mottram, Toby; Velasco-Garcia, Maria; Moscone, Danila and Palleschi, Guiseppe (2004). Aflatoxin M1 determination in raw milk using a flow-injection immunoassay system. Analytica Chimica Acta, 520(1-2) pp. 141–148.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2004.05.068
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Abstract

A flow-injection immunoassay (FI-IA) method with amperometric detection for aflatoxin M1 (AFM1)determination in milk has been developed. The first step consists in an incubation of the sample containing AFM1 (Ag) with fixed amounts of anti-AFM1 antibody (Ab) and of the tracer (Ag*, AFM1 covalently coupled to HRP) until equilibrium is reached. In this mixture a competition occurs between Ag and Ag* for Ab.The mixture is then injected into a flow system where the separation of the free tracer (Ag*) and te antibody-bound tracer (AbAg*) is performed in a column with immobilized Protein G. The antigen-antibody complexes are retained in the column due to the high affinity of the Protein G for the antibody. The activity of the eluted enzyme label is then amperometrically detected.
The immunoassay was optimised relative to conditions for antibody-antigen incubation (pH, incubation time, ionic strength, temperature) and enzymatic label detection. This method showed a dynamic concentration range between 20 and 500 ppt AFM1, a low detection limit (11 ppt), good reproducibility (RSD < 8%) and a high throughput (six samples per hour in triplicate). Different milk samples were analysed and the results were in good agreement with those obtained by HPLC using the AOAC 2000.08 method.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 0003-2670
Keywords: Aflatoxin M1; Flow-injection immunoassay; Protein G; amperometric detection; raw milk
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)
Biomedical Research Network (BRN)
Item ID: 3244
Depositing User: Maria Velasco
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2014 15:00
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/3244
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