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Formes coopératives hybrides

Spear, Roger (2011). Formes coopératives hybrides. Recma: Revue internationale de l'économie sociale, 320

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On constate avec un intérêt croissant la transformation d’organisations du tiers secteur en organisations hybrides. Les chercheurs se sont penchés sur les processus d’« hybridation » ayant mené au développement de l’entreprise sociale, dont l’incarnation la plus remarquable est le modèle italien de la coopérative sociale. Il s’agit d’un modèle doublement « hybride », tant par son mode de gouvernance que par la diversité de ses pourvoyeurs de ressources. D’autres formes hybrides de coopératives se sont développées au cours de ces dernières années, en particulier dans le secteur des coopératives agricoles, qui ont adopté certaines pratiques des entreprises privées (par exemple au niveau des droits de vote). D’autres formes d’hybridation ont concerné les coopératives de consommateurs ou les coopératives ouvrières. Parfois, ce processus s’opère au niveau multi-organisationnel, avec le développement de structures de holding, lorsqu’une coopérative diversifie ses activités en créant une filiale ou en ayant recours à une structure d’entreprise traditionnelle.

Abstract in English:
There is growing interest in the transformation of third sector organizations into hybrid forms of organization. Researchers focus attention on some of the ‘hybridization’ processes that lead to the development of what is often recognized as a major new hybrid organization: the social enterprise. One of the most notable examples of this is the social cooperative model in Italy, which is “hybridized” in two respects: firstly in adopting a multi-stakeholder governance structure and secondly in terms of using multiple resources. We have also witnessed other hybrid forms of cooperatives develop over the years, particularly in the agricultural cooperatives sector, where we have seen changes (for example in voting rights) moving the form closer to that of private business. And in the consumer cooperatives and worker cooperatives sectors we have seen other patterns of hybridization. Sometimes this functions at the multi-organizational level, where we have seen the growth of holding structures when a cooperative grows and diversifies by developing a line of business which is a wholly owned subsidiary of the cooperative and uses a conventional company structure.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2011 RECMA
ISSN: 1626-1682
Extra Information: Text in French
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Research Group: Innovation, Knowledge & Development research centre (IKD)
Item ID: 32268
Depositing User: Roger Spear
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2012 16:30
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2018 13:10
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