The Open UniversitySkip to content
 

Measuring psychological well-being in South Asians with diabetes: a qualitative investigation of the PHQ-9 and the WHO-5 as potential screening tools for measuring symptoms of depression

Lloyd, C.E.; Roy, T.; Begum, S.; Mughal, S. and Barnett, A.H. (2012). Measuring psychological well-being in South Asians with diabetes: a qualitative investigation of the PHQ-9 and the WHO-5 as potential screening tools for measuring symptoms of depression. Diabetic Medicine, 29(1) pp. 140–147.

Full text available as:
Full text not publicly available
Due to copyright restrictions, this file is not available for public download
Click here to request a copy from the OU Author.
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2011.03481.x
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar

Abstract

People from South Asian backgrounds living in the UK have a greatly increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Whether or not this patient group also experience high rates of depressive symptoms (known to be the case in Caucasian populations with diabetes) remains unknown, partly because it is unclear whether the screening tools used are culturally relevant. The aim of this study was to develop culturally competent translations (in both written and audio formats) of two screening tools used to measure symptoms of depression in languages with no written form and establish their face validity.
Methods: adults with type 2 diabetes from two South Asian minority ethnic groups (from Bangladesh and Pakistan) whose main language is only spoken (Sylheti and Mirpuri) were recruited via the Birmingham Heartlands Hospital Diabetes Centre. Participants attended 2 focus group meetings to consider the content and method of delivery of two questionnaires measuring symptoms of depression, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the World Health Organisation Well-being Index (WHO-5).
Results: culturally equivalent content was achieved for both questionnaires in both languages. The Mirpuri men and women groups did not indicate a clear preference for either mode of questionnaire delivery; however the Sylheti groups’ preference was for independent audio-delivery in their spoken language.
Conclusions: the face validity of the PHQ-9 and the WHO-5 was established for Sylheti and Mirpuri in an audio delivery format. Psychometric testing is now needed amongst minority ethnic populations so that the feasibility of wider use can be determined.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2011 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine2 John Wiley & Sons, 2011 Diabetes UK
ISSN: 1464-5491
Keywords: diabetes, mental health, ethnic minority
Academic Unit/Department: Health and Social Care > Health and Social Care
Item ID: 32066
Depositing User: Cathy Lloyd
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2012 09:54
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2013 15:32
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/32066
Share this page:

Actions (login may be required)

View Item
Report issue / request change

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   + 44 (0)870 333 4340   general-enquiries@open.ac.uk