The Open UniversitySkip to content

Design exploration with useless rules and eye tracking

Jowers, Iestyn; Prats, Miquel; McKay, Alison and Garner, Steven (2011). Design exploration with useless rules and eye tracking. In: 18th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED11), 15-18 Aug 2011, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Full text available as:
Full text not publicly available (Version of Record)
Due to publisher licensing restrictions, this file is not available for public download
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


Shape reinterpretation is an essential component in design generation and exploration. However, computational design tools, such as computer-aided design systems, offer poor support for shape reinterpretation and, as a result, do not provide effective support for design ideation. A key difficulty in realising systems that support shape reinterpretation is the issue of interface – how can a user guide a system with respect to their interpretations of a shape? In this paper, research is presented that explores this question through the development of a software prototype. The prototype uses identity shape rules (so-called ‘useless rules’) and eye tracking to support the creation and manipulation of shapes. The paper presents theoretical developments that have informed development of the prototype, including outcomes of a series of eye tracking studies. The software prototype builds on the results from these studies and uses gaze data in combination with traditional mouse-based input to restructure designed shapes based on the visual attention of the users, so that manipulation according to the users’ interpretations is afforded.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Copyright Holders: 2011 The Authors
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetNot SetDesigning with Vision project funded by The Leverhulme Trust
Keywords: shape grammars; eye tracking; shape interpretation; computer-aided design
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Research Group: Design and Innovation
Item ID: 31869
Depositing User: Steven Garner
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2012 15:48
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2018 10:32
Share this page:

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU