Clarke, A. S.; Hall, D. J.; Holland, A. and Burt, D.
Modelling charge storage in Euclid CCD structures.
Journal of Instrumentation, 7(C0105)
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The primary aim of ESA's proposed Euclid mission is to observe the distribution of galaxies and galaxy clusters, enabling the mapping of the dark architecture of the universe . This requires a high performance detector, designed to endure a harsh radiation environment.
The e2v CCD204 image sensor was redesigned for use on the Euclid mission . The resulting e2v CCD273 has a narrower serial register electrode and transfer channel compared to its predecessor, causing a reduction in the size of charge packets stored, thus reducing the number of traps encountered by the signal electrons during charge transfer and improving the serial Charge Transfer Efficiency (CTE) under irradiation .
The proposed Euclid CCD has been modelled using the Silvaco TCAD software , to test preliminary calculations for the Full Well Capacity (FWC) and the channel potential of the device and provide indications of the volume occupied by varying signals. These results are essential for the realisation of the mission objectives and for radiation damage studies, with the aim of producing empirically derived formulae to approximate signal-volume characteristics in the devices. These formulae will be used in the radiation damage (charge trapping) models.
The Silvaco simulations have been tested against real devices to compare the experimental measurements to those predicted in the models. Using these results, the implications of this study on the Euclid mission can be investigated in more detail.
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