Use of Homeric references in Plato and Xenophon

Yamagata, Naoko (2012). Use of Homeric references in Plato and Xenophon. The Classical Quarterly, 62(1) pp. 130–144.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0009838811000723

Abstract

This article examines the use of Homeric quotations and references in Plato and Xenophon, and is intended as a contribution to the debate over so-called Socratic problem. The distribution of such references in both authors indicates that the historical Socrates probably did use Homeric references frequently in his conversation, but the myth-making out of Homeric elements is unique to Plato's Socrates and therefore is likely to be more Platonic than Socratic.

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