Storage, ecology of.
Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 2nd edition, Elsevier.
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Most organisms store lipids and/or carbohydrates for energy production when food is unobtainableduring fasting. Much more energy per unit mass can be stored asStorage lipids are much more energy dense than carbohydrates, but long-chain fatty acids are insoluble and must be transported as lipoproteins. Vertebrates and higher arthropods have tissues specialized for lipid storage and management of lipids. Adipose tissue can reach 50% of thehalf the body mass before migration or breeding fasts with superficial depots expanding most, especially in large animals. Adipocytes are 40-85% triacylglycerols and occur in various intra-abdominal and superficial sites in all tetrapods and some fish; some mammalian depots of mammalian adipose depots tissue have site-specific properties specialized to paracrine interactions with interchelated adjacent cells and contiguous tissues.
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||The Encyclopedia of Biodiversity brings together, for the first time, a study of the dimensions of diversity. It examination of the services biodiversity provides, and measures to protect it. Major themes of the work include the evolution of biodiversity, systems for classifying and defining biodiversity, ecological patterns and theories of biodiversity, and an assessment of contemporary patterns and trends in biodiversity. Revised and updated in 2011.
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