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|DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/ejdr.2011.11|
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This article examines the paradox found in mineral-rich Andean countries where the sustained economic growth observed over the last decade has not provoked a corresponding decrease in poverty. The impact of the expansion of the extractive industries (mining and hydrocarbons)on these countries is addressed from the perspective of political economy, indicating that the permanence of poverty, in particular rural poverty in areas where mineral wealth is concentrated, can be explained by inconsistencies between the significant amount of tax revenue that national and regional governments receive from these industries and the ways in which said revenue is used in public policy. Among the factors which explain these inconsistencies are the failure of the State to design and implement social policies and the limitations of a development strategy based on the exploitation of non renewable resources. The argument is illustrated by the cases of Bolivia and Peru.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Copyright Holders:||2011 European Journal of Development Research|
|Extra Information:||Original paper in Spanish.
Title in English: Mineral wealth and poverty in the Andes
|Keywords:||mining; gas; poverty; social policies; Peru; Bolivia|
|Academic Unit/Department:||Social Sciences > Geography|
|Interdisciplinary Research Centre:||OpenSpace Research Centre (OSRC)|
|Depositing User:||Leonith Hinojosa-Valencia|
|Date Deposited:||22 Dec 2011 11:21|
|Last Modified:||27 Oct 2012 14:04|
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