Fundamentalism and Anti-Catholicism in Inter-War English Evangelicalism

Maiden, John (2013). Fundamentalism and Anti-Catholicism in Inter-War English Evangelicalism. In: Bebbington, David and Jones, David Ceri eds. Evangelicalism and Fundamentalism in the United Kingdom during the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 151–170.

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Abstract

This chapter contributes to the ongoing debate about the relationship between fundamentalism and evangelicalism. It assesses the ways in which anti-Catholicism shaped British fundamentalism during the interwar period, refering to the framework provided by Marty and Appelby in their groundbreaking Fundamentalism Project. It shows how anti-Catholicism influenced British fundamentalism’s reactionary-militant outlook, its millenialism, its naming, dramatising and mythologizing of enemies and its celebration of distinctiveness. However, it also shows how anti-Catholicism fostered a wider sense of unity within evangelicalism and a determination to protect their denominations from 'Rome'. Thus anti-Catholicism also acted as a break on separatist tendencies in British evangelicalism, in constrast to the dynamics of evangelical fundamentalism in the US.

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