The Open UniversitySkip to content
 

Magnesium isotope fractionation during hydrous magnesiumcarbonate precipitation with and without cyanobacteria

Mavromatis, Vasileios; Pearce, Christopher R.; Shirokova, Liudmila S.; Bundeleva, Irina A.; Pokrovsky, Oleg S.; Benezeth, Pascale and Oelkers, Eric H. (2012). Magnesium isotope fractionation during hydrous magnesiumcarbonate precipitation with and without cyanobacteria. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 76 pp. 161–174.

Full text available as:
[img]
Preview
PDF (Version of Record) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (1025Kb)
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2011.10.019
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar

Abstract

The hydrous magnesium carbonates, nesquehonite (MgCO3.3H2O) and dypingite (Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2.5(H2O)), were precipitated at 25 oC in batch reactors from aqueous solutions containing 0.05 M NaHCO3 and 0.025 M MgCl2 and in the presence and absence of live photosynthesizing Gloeocapsa sp. cyanobacteria. Experiments were performed under a variety of conditions; the reactive fluid/bacteria/mineral suspensions were continuously stirred, and/or air bubbled in most experiments, and exposed to various durations of light exposure. Bulk precipitation rates are not affected by the presence of bacteria although the solution pH and the degree of fluid supersaturation with respect to magnesium carbonates increase due to photosynthesis. Lighter Mg isotopes are preferentially incorporated into the precipitated solids in all experiments. Mg isotope fractionation between the mineral and fluid in the abiotic experiments is identical, within uncertainty, to that measured in cyanobacteria bearing experiments; measured δ26 ranges from -1.54‰ to -1.16‰ in all experiments. Mg isotope fractionation is also found to be independent of reactive solution pH and Mg, CO32-, and biomass concentrations. Taken together, these observations suggest that Gloeocapsa sp. cyanobacterium does not appreciably affect magnesium isotope fractionation between aqueous fluid and hydrous magnesium carbonates.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2011 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN: 0016-7037
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Environment, Earth and Ecosystems
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)
Item ID: 30526
Depositing User: Chris Pearce
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2012 14:05
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2012 09:20
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/30526
Share this page:

Altmetrics

Scopus Citations

Actions (login may be required)

View Item
Report issue / request change

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   + 44 (0)870 333 4340   general-enquiries@open.ac.uk