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Around 1950 a series of interdisciplinary conferences in the United States, later known as the Macy Conferences on Cybernetics, were key to the development of a number of fields and were especially influential on the concept of information. This chapter explores two views of information which emerged from the conferences: the hard view of Wiener and Shannon; and the soft view of Bateson, Mackay and Ashby. The hard view has information as an object in its own right which can be analysed mathematically while the soft view emphasises the context and meaning of information, and the role of the observer.
|Item Type:||Book Chapter|
|Copyright Holders:||2011 Taylor & Francis|
|Academic Unit/Department:||Mathematics, Computing and Technology > Communication and Systems|
|Depositing User:||Magnus Ramage|
|Date Deposited:||08 Dec 2011 16:56|
|Last Modified:||10 Dec 2012 22:15|
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