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Development of off-plane gratings for WHIMex and IXO

McEntaffer, Randall L.; Cash, Webster; Lillie, Chuck; Casement, Suzanne; Zhang, Will; Holland, Andrew; Murray, Neil; O’Dell, Stephen; Schattenburg, Mark; Heilmann, Ralf and Tsunemi, Hiroshi (2011). Development of off-plane gratings for WHIMex and IXO. In: SPIE Optics+Photonics 2011: Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy V, 21-25 Aug 2011, San Diego, California, USA.

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URL: http://spiedigitallibrary.org/proceedings/resource...
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.895037
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Abstract

Future X-ray astronomical missions will need to address a number of important goals such as studying the dynamics of clusters of galaxies, determining how elements are created in the explosions of massive stars, and revealing most of the “normal” matter in the universe which is currently thought to be hidden in hot filaments of gas stretching between galaxies. In order to achieve these goals, spectrometers capable of high resolution and high throughput are necessary for the lowest X-ray energies, 0.3-1.0 keV. We present recent progress in the development of off-plane reflection grating technology for use on upcoming missions. Off-plane grating spectrometers consist of an array of gratings capable of reaching resolutions above 3000 (λ/Δλ). Concept designs have been made for the International X-ray Observatory X-ray Grating Spectrometer. More recently however, we have designed an Optics Module Assembly for WHIMex, an Explorer mission concept that incorporates a Wolter telescope, steering flats, and an array of gratings. This paper will discuss these designs and the application of off-plane arrays for the future.

Item Type: Conference Item
Copyright Holders: 2011 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).
ISSN: 0277-786X
Extra Information: ISBN 9780819482211
Keywords: x-ray spectroscopy; off-plane gratings; International X-ray Observatory; WHIMex
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Physical Sciences
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)
Item ID: 29966
Depositing User: Jason Gow
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2011 15:04
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2012 09:01
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/29966
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