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Human movement behaviour in urban spaces: implications for the design and modelling of effective pedestrian environments

Willis, Alexandra; Gjersoe, Nathalia; Havard, Catriona; Kerridge, Jon and Kukla, Robert (2004). Human movement behaviour in urban spaces: implications for the design and modelling of effective pedestrian environments. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 31(6) pp. 805–828.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/b3060
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Abstract

Despite a burgeoning research effort directed at the design and modelling of effective urban spaces for pedestrians, remarkably little is known about how pedestrians actually negotiate urban spaces. This paper reports the results of a video-based observational study aimed at exploring: (1) individuals' movement preferences within uncluttered environments, in particular: (a) desired walking speed, (b) microscopic position preferences, and (c) interpersonal distances between companions while walking; and (2) the ways in which these variables might be influenced by the various personal, situational, and environmental factors that characterise the context in which pedestrians move. The microscopic movement trajectories of 2613 participants were investigated in a covert, video-based observational study of three mixed-use (residential/retail) urban environments close to the city centres of Edinburgh and York, United Kingdom. Age, gender, level of mobility, group size, time of day, and location were found to have significant effects on movement preferences across the range of locations studied. We concluded that a number of influential factors affect how humans negotiate urban spaces, and suggested how these factors may be taken into account in attempts to design and model effective urban spaces for pedestrians.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2004 Pion
ISSN: 0265-8135
Academic Unit/Department: Education and Language Studies > Childhood, Development and Learning
Social Sciences > Psychology in the Social Sciences
Item ID: 29837
Depositing User: Catriona Havard
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2011 09:26
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2012 16:14
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/29837
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