Crystallographic texture and microstructure of pulsed diode laser-deposited Waspaloy

Moat, R. J.; Pinkerton, A. J.; Li, L.; Withers, P. J. and Preuss, M. (2009). Crystallographic texture and microstructure of pulsed diode laser-deposited Waspaloy. Acta Materialia, 57(4) pp. 1220–1229.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2008.11.004

Abstract

The role of both laser pulse length and duty cycle in controlling the grain size and crystallographic texture of diode laser-deposited Waspaloy powder is investigated. Thin-walled test structures of Waspaloy have been produced using a range of pulse parameters and analyzed by means of scanning electron microscopy and electron backscatter diffraction. Results have been correlated with a simple analytical model of the effect of the laser pulse on the substrate temperature and melt-pool geometry in order to help explain the trends observed. Findings show that pulse parameters have a marked effect on the resulting grain morphology and crystallographic orientation. Modelling has indicated that this arises because the microstructure is highly dependent on the melt-pool geometry, particularly the inclination angle of the melt-pool boundary.

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