The Open UniversitySkip to content

Emergent or just unexpected?

Fortune, Joyce and White, Diana (2002). Emergent or just unexpected? In: Ragsdell, G; West, D and Wilby, J eds. Systems theory and practice in the Knowledge Age: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference of the UK Systems Society, held July 7th to 10th, 2002, at York University, UK. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, pp. 3–10.

Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


This paper questions the value of labelling unpredictable and ‘unenvisionable’ behaviour as emergent. Using a phenomenon widely reported in the risk literature it suggests that some behaviours and properties which could easily be cited as evidence of emergence may owe nothing to the concept of hierarchy and have explanations which lie wholly outside the field of systems.

Item Type: Book Chapter
ISBN: 0-306-47247-3, 978-0-306-47247-3
Keywords: emergence; hierarchy; risk compensation
Academic Unit/Department: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Policing Research and Learning (CPRL)
Item ID: 2944
Depositing User: Joyce Fortune
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2006
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2016 10:49
Share this page:

▼ Automated document suggestions from open access sources

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   + 44 (0)870 333 4340