The Open UniversitySkip to content

Preparing women for dead-end jobs? Vocational education and training (VET) for information and communication technology (ICT) jobs

Kirkup, Gill (2011). Preparing women for dead-end jobs? Vocational education and training (VET) for information and communication technology (ICT) jobs. International Journal of Gender Science and Technology, 3(2) pp. 460–482.

Full text available as:
PDF (Version of Record) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (263kB)
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


This paper discusses the role that vocational education and training (VET) in ICT subject areas plays in contributing to the gender and social class structuring of ICT occupations, focusing in particular on education and employment data from the UK. The paper also makes reference to similar data about ICT VET in Germany and Japan to argue that the new areas of ‘soft’ ICT skills – in education and in occupations - have become feminised, and channel women into low skilled and low paid work. Unlike university level ICT education, which has opened opportunities for women and students coming from families with no experience of higher education, sub-degree level ICT VET seems to be continuing to reproduce gender and socio- economic class within and through ICT occupations. I argue that those concerned with gender equity research and interventions in ICT need to work with an analysis that disaggregates what are now appearing to be quite different skills sets, and different career opportunities often misleadingly conflated under the umbrella term ‘ICT’. I also argue for better analytical models for the gendering of ICT than those offered by the ‘leaky pipeline’ or ‘critical mass’ models, and for new analyses that would incorporate both a structural analysis and new ways of looking at women’s choices, such as Hakim’s ‘orientation to work’.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2011 Gill Kirkup
ISSN: 2040-0748
Keywords: ICT; vocational education and training; VET; social class; apprenticeships; vocational qualifications; women students
Academic Unit/School: Institute of Educational Technology (IET)
Research Group: Centre for Research in Education and Educational Technology (CREET)
Item ID: 29238
Depositing User: Gill Kirkup
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2011 08:06
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2019 10:22
Share this page:

Download history for this item

These details should be considered as only a guide to the number of downloads performed manually. Algorithmic methods have been applied in an attempt to remove automated downloads from the displayed statistics but no guarantee can be made as to the accuracy of the figures.

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU