Loughlin, A. J.; Woodroofe, M. N. and Cuzner, M. L.
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Isolated rat brain microglia display enhanced expression of Fc receptors on treatment with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 (IL-1) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), whereas major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigen expression is enhanced only by IFN-gamma. Although TNF and LPS individually have no effect on MHC expression by microglia, they both antagonize IFN-gamma-induced expression. The enhanced expression of Fc receptors observed in the presence of IFN-gamma, TNF or LPS is significantly inhibited by the combination of IFN-gamma with either LPS or TNF. IL-1 alpha has little effect on IFN-gamma-induced MHC or Fc receptor expression by microglia. Peritoneal macrophages behave similarly to microglia, with the notable exception that IL-1 alpha enhances IFN-gamma-induced FcR expression. These observations suggest that the functional activity of microglia during inflammation or demyelination in the central nervous system can be influenced by the changing profile of cytokines present during lesion development.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Copyright Holders:||1992 Blackwell Publishing Ltd|
|Project Funding Details:||
|Academic Unit/Department:||Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
|Interdisciplinary Research Centre:||Biomedical Research Network (BRN)|
|Depositing User:||Jane Loughlin|
|Date Deposited:||20 Apr 2011 09:30|
|Last Modified:||04 Oct 2016 10:57|
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