Chaudhuri, Sudip; Mackintosh, Maureen and Mujinja, Phares G M
Indian generics producers, access to essential medicines and local production in Africa: an argument with reference to Tanzania.
European Journal of Development Research, 22(4),
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Much analysis of the supply chain for essential medicines to Africa assumes broad sustainability of low-cost generics supply from Indian manufacturers. We use Indian data and interviews to question this assumption. In a case study of Tanzania, we then argue for the necessity and feasibility of enhanced local production of essential medicines. We identify key industrial policy interventions, including industrial protection and active government purchasing; public goods including legislative and regulatory frameworks and training; and encouragement and facilitation of joint ventures. We show that a basis has been laid for these activities, and identify the urgency and difficulty of the policy challenge. There are lessons for the Tanzanian case from Indian industrial history, and policy space is provided by Tanzania's Least Developed Country status. Industrial and health policy can be further integrated to the benefit of Tanzania's citizens. The Tanzanian case has broader implications for African policymakers.
||2010 European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes 0957-8811
||local pharmaceutical production; access to medicines; Indian pharmaceutical exports; industrial policy; Tanzania
||Social Sciences > Economics
||17 Jan 2011 10:25
||25 Oct 2012 21:29
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