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Talk Factory: the use of graphical representations to support argumentation around an interactive whiteboard in primary school science

Kerawalla, Lucinda; Petrou, Marilena and Scanlon, Eileen (2010). Talk Factory: the use of graphical representations to support argumentation around an interactive whiteboard in primary school science. In: Computer-Based Learning in Science, 7-10 Jul 2010, Warsaw, Poland.

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Abstract

In the classroom, children are often asked to work in groups and to discuss learning activities together. However, they can find this challenging as they do not always have the necessary discussion and argumentation skills and may fail to understand what they should aim to achieve. Discussion is important in the science classroom as it is an opportunity for children to express their views and listen to those of their peers so a clearer understanding can emerge. However, it is often the case that teachers adopt a role that focuses on imparting information, thus giving students little opportunity to discuss their own views. We report on a study that involved primary school children aged 9-10 years, together with their teachers, in the learner-centred participatory design and evaluation of software – the Talk Factory – aimed at supporting exploratory talk in science. The Talk Factory enables the teacher to represent, in real time on an interactive whiteboard, evolving graphical representations of specific features of classroom dialogue that constitute exploratory talk. We report on the participatory design process and how the teachers and students used the software during science lessons on evaporation. Analysis of video footage of lessons suggest that the Talk Factory was effective in supporting the teachers’ awareness and facilitation of exploratory talk, as well as the students’ engagement in rich discussions. We discuss how the teachers and students used the software to support the development of exploratory talk in the classroom. We argue that if children are to be enabled to participate fully in science learning, it is important that they are given the opportunity to discuss their ideas as a means of developing their own understanding of scientific concepts. Our study demonstrates that the Talk Factory can go some way to supporting this.

Item Type: Conference Item
Copyright Holders: 2010 The Authors
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetNot SetESRC (Economic and Social Research Council)
Keywords: primary school; software; collaboration; talk factory
Academic Unit/Department: Education and Language Studies > Childhood, Development and Learning
Institute of Educational Technology
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Research in Education and Educational Technology (CREET)
Item ID: 25891
Depositing User: Lucinda Kerawalla
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2011 10:50
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2013 12:09
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/25891
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