Lloyd, C. E.; Pambianco, G. and Orchard, T. J.
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|DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2009.02896.x|
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Aims To examine the relationship between depressive symptomatology, diabetes-related distress and aspects of diabetes self-care in a cohort of individuals with Type 1 diabetes.
Methods Individuals with Type 1 diabetes taking part in the Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale and the Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) scale. Self-care was measured by physical activity in the past week and over the previous year, frequency of blood glucose ⁄ urine testing, smoking status and alcohol intake.
Results Clinically significant levels of depressive symptomatology (i.e. scores ‡ 16) were reported by 14% of the study population on the BDI and by 18% on the CES-D. There were strong correlations between depressive symptoms and diabetes related distress (PAID scores) and physical activity. Multivariate analyses indicated that depression was independently associated with diabetes-related distress scores and with physical activity, but not with frequency of blood glucose testing.
Conclusions These findings have implications for clinical practice and treatment of both psychological morbidity and diabetes. There may be significant effects of depression on aspects of diabetes self-care. Further prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Copyright Holders:||2010 The Authors|
|Keywords:||depression; emotions; self-management; Type 1 diabetes|
|Academic Unit/Department:||Health and Social Care > Health and Social Care|
|Depositing User:||Cathy Lloyd|
|Date Deposited:||14 Dec 2010 09:43|
|Last Modified:||23 Oct 2013 05:24|
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