Enoch, Marcus; Warren, James P.; Valdes Rios, Humberto and Henríquez Menoyo, Enrique
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|DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:||https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-070X(03)00054-4|
|Google Scholar:||Look up in Google Scholar|
Like many developing nations, Cuba has undergone - and continues to undergo - a revolution in the way its society lives, works and accesses mobility. However, unlike other developing nations, Cuba is unique in that it has faced enormous pressures for the past forty years due to an economic blockade by its erstwhile dominant trading partner, the United States. Furthermore, this economic pressure was exacerbated in the early 1990s with the political and economic collapse of the Former Soviet Union, and the Eastern European Socialist countries – which had replaced the United States as Cuba's principal trading partners. These events have led to a transformation in how goods and people are moved, not least because of a huge reduction in the amount of hard currency available to pay for fuel, vehicles and spare parts. This resulted in a number of innovative behavioural and technological outcomes.
Cuba thus provides an enhanced example of how physical, economic and social factors influence the development of transport systems. This unusually severe situation contains lessons for other countries seeking to develop more sustainable transport systems. In particular, the case graphically illustrates the link between economic and transport growth. The paper will outline the development of transport practices in Cuba thus far, look at the options available for the future and draw conclusions on what other countries can learn from the Cuban experience.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||transport system; gross domestic product; camellos; Cuba; mobility; transport crisis|
|Academic Unit/School:||Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
|Interdisciplinary Research Centre:||Design and Innovation|
|Depositing User:||James Warren|
|Date Deposited:||13 Jun 2006|
|Last Modified:||22 Mar 2017 23:36|
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