The Open UniversitySkip to content

Mobility, energy, and emissions in Cuba and Florida

Warren, James P. and Enoch, Marcus P. (2006). Mobility, energy, and emissions in Cuba and Florida. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 11(1) pp. 33–44.

Full text available as:
PDF (Not Set) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (134kB)
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


In many ways the island nation of Cuba and the State of Florida are remarkably similar; both comprise similar areas and sized populations, and until 45 years ago they were economically linked. Now, despite being physically close, in economic and political terms Cuba and Florida are worlds apart. Overall, while Florida has grown economically stronger over time, economic growth in Cuba has been far more constrained due to external pressures – most notably the economic blockade by the United States and the collapse of the Soviet Block. This paper devises a range of indicators for both territories to explore how mobility, energy use and emissions might be influenced by socio-economic conditions. Specifically, it compares and contrasts how transport policies have developed in an environment with virtually no economic constraints, and a situation where strong constraints were in place.

Item Type: Journal Item
ISSN: 1361-9209
Keywords: mobility; emissions; ebergy use; transport policy
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Research Group: Design and Innovation
Item ID: 2530
Depositing User: James Warren
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 21:22
Share this page:


Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Download history for this item

These details should be considered as only a guide to the number of downloads performed manually. Algorithmic methods have been applied in an attempt to remove automated downloads from the displayed statistics but no guarantee can be made as to the accuracy of the figures.

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU