Holroyd, Fred and Watts, Ivor
(2010).
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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: | https://doi.org/10.1093/qmath/haq022 |
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Abstract
An (r, λ) overlap colouring of a graph G has r colours at each vertex, any two adjacent vertices sharing exactly λ colours. A theory analogous to multichromatic and fractional chromatic theory is developed. In particular, all the overlap chromatic numbers of cycle graphs are computed. It is shown that if a graph G contains an odd cycle C_{2p+1} and has the same p-fold chromatic number as C_{2p+1}, then all its overlap chromatic numbers are the same as those of C_{2p+1}. The core of a graph is the smallest induced subgraph to which it has a homomorphism. It is shown that some pairs of graphs with the same multichromatic numbers have different sets of overlap chromatic numbers, and that some graphs with non-isomorphic cores have the same sets of overlap chromatic numbers. (In particular, any non-bipartite series-parallel graph has the same overlap chromatic as its smallest odd cycle.) Thus classifying graphs by overlap chromatic properties is intermediate between classifying them by multichromatic properties and classifying them by cores.
Item Type: | Article |
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Copyright Holders: | 2010 Oxford University Press |
ISSN: | 0033-5606 |
Academic Unit/School: | Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Mathematics and Statistics Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) |
Item ID: | 24726 |
Depositing User: | Fred Holroyd |
Date Deposited: | 23 Nov 2010 12:00 |
Last Modified: | 06 Oct 2016 04:51 |
URI: | http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/24726 |
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