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Pre-AIDS mortality in HIV-infected individuals in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, 1982-1996

Laurichesse, Henri A. A.; Mortimer, Janet; Evans, Barry G. and Farrington, C. Paddy (1998). Pre-AIDS mortality in HIV-infected individuals in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, 1982-1996. AIDS, 12(6) pp. 651–658.

URL: http://journals.lww.com/aidsonline/Fulltext/1998/0...
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Abstract

Objective: To assess pre-AIDS mortality in HIV-infected patients in England, Wales and Northern Ireland during the period 1982-1996.
Design: Surveillance data on pre-AIDS and AIDS deaths reported to the PHLS-AIDS Centre were analysed.
Methods: Pre-AIDS mortality was estimated as the proportion of pre-AIDS deaths among all deaths in HIV-infected people. Trends over time in the number of pre-AIDS and AIDS deaths were compared using Poisson regression with logarithmic link. Causes of pre-AIDS deaths were recorded. Comparisons were made between the pre-AIDS and the AIDS death groups by logistic regression for: age, location of residence at death, year of death and risk exposure.
Results: Four-hundred and sixty-eight pre-AIDS deaths and 8574 AIDS deaths were identified. Pre-AIDS mortality accounted for 5.0% of HIV-related deaths. Trends over time in the number of pre-AIDS and AIDS deaths were not significantly different (P = 0.11). Reported causes of pre-AIDS death included pneumonia (92), liver disease (62), septicaemia (51), malignancies (49), suicide (45), cardiopulmonary causes (46), haemorrhage (42), overdose (24) and accidental causes (24). Factors positively associated with pre-AIDS death were injecting drug use, haemophilia and blood transfusion, residence outside the Thames regions, and death at an older age.
Conclusions: Pre-AIDS mortality represents a substantial proportion of HIV mortality, particularly where injecting drug use is a frequent route of HIV transmission.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 1998 Lippincott-Raven Publishers
ISSN: 1473-5571
Keywords: Pre-AIDS mortality; mortality; surveillance
Academic Unit/Department: Mathematics, Computing and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics
Item ID: 24038
Depositing User: Sarah Frain
Date Deposited: 10 May 2011 10:40
Last Modified: 10 May 2011 10:40
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/24038
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