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Risk of hepatitus A infection in sewerage workers

Brugha, Ruairí; Heptonstall, Julia; Farrington, Paddy; Andren, Sheila; Perry, Keith and Parry, John (1998). Risk of hepatitus A infection in sewerage workers. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 55(8) pp. 567–569.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oem.55.8.567
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection among sewage workers from occupational exposure to raw sewage. METHODS: An analytical cross sectional study of 241 company employees with possible occupational exposure to sewage in a large water and sewerage company was carried out. Previous exposure to hepatitis A virus infection was assessed, as were its associations with possible risk factors. RESULTS: Frequent occupational exposure to raw sewage was a significant risk factor for HAV infection, independently of other known risk factors (odds ratio 3.73, 95% confidence interval 1.48 to 9.37). Of 50 employees who reported occupational exposure to raw sewage most of the time, 30 (60%) had had HAV infection. CONCLUSION: Employees who are likely to be at risk of frequent exposure should have their immunity ensured. The salivary assay for IgG anti-HAV used in the study was highly specific and would be suitable for prevaccination testing of older employees, who are more likely to be immune.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection among sewage workers from occupational exposure to raw sewage. METHODS: An analytical cross sectional study of 241 company employees with possible occupational exposure to sewage in a large water and sewerage company was carried out. Previous exposure to hepatitis A virus infection was assessed, as were its associations with possible risk factors. RESULTS: Frequent occupational exposure to raw sewage was a significant risk factor for HAV infection, independently of other known risk factors (odds ratio 3.73, 95% confidence interval 1.48 to 9.37). Of 50 employees who reported occupational exposure to raw sewage most of the time, 30 (60%) had had HAV infection. CONCLUSION: Employees who are likely to be at risk of frequent exposure should have their immunity ensured. The salivary assay for IgG anti-HAV used in the study was highly specific and would be suitable for prevaccination testing of older employees, who are more likely to be immune.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 1998 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd
ISSN: 1470-7926
Keywords: hepatitis A; sewage; vaccination
Academic Unit/Department: Mathematics, Computing and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics
Item ID: 24029
Depositing User: Sarah Frain
Date Deposited: 04 May 2011 13:50
Last Modified: 04 May 2011 13:50
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/24029
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