Price, Linda; Richardson, John T. E.; Robinson, Bernadette; Ding, Xia; Sun, Xiaoling and Han, Cuiling
Approaches to studying and perceptions of the academic environment among university students in China.
Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 31(2)
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It has been claimed that students from “Confucian-heritage” cultures approach studying in higher education differently from Western students. This study investigated the experiences and the approaches to studying of students at a university in China. A total of 356 students completed both the Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) and the Revised Approaches to Studying Inventory (RASI). Their responses to the CEQ yielded two factors concerned with student support and course demands. Their responses to the RASI yielded two factors: a deep/strategic approach and a surface approach. Students who rated their courses positively in terms of student support were more likely to adopt a deep/strategic approach. Students who rated their courses positively in terms of course demands were less likely to adopt a surface approach. In broad terms, the students’ perceptions and approaches to studying were similar to those of Western students, though with some specific differences. The findings add to the literature on Chinese students’ approaches to learning and also have practical implications for teachers seeking to promote more desirable forms of studying in their students.
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