The Open UniversitySkip to content

Open educational resources - new directions for technology-enhanced distance learning in the third millennium

Santos, Andreia; McAndrew, Patrick and Godwin, Steve (2008). Open educational resources - new directions for technology-enhanced distance learning in the third millennium. Formamente, 1-2, pp. 111–124.

Full text available as:
PDF (Version of Record) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (339kB)
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


Open Educational Resources (OERs) are an innovation giving new opportunities for learning and distance education. OERs are typically provided as courses but also include smaller units of learning and their components of audio, text or image files made available on the internet free of charge; usually under a Creative Commons License (Creative Commons, 2007). This license takes the approach of 'some rights reserved' for the materials replacing the 'all rights reserved' attitude of standard copyright (Lessig, 2004). Distance education based in OERs removes limits and offers the possibility of widening participation in education. This can include hard-to-reach groups which have little or no access to education or, for example small businesses and individuals who feel they could benefit from professional development and access to current knowledge about a topic of interest. The release of OERs can be a 'public good' for educational inclusion purposes, but they also could mark the first steps towards a revolution on the way people learn. So far, access to knowledge as taught at university level has been restricted to academic institutions. These institutions not only 'create the knowledge' but also have regulated the ways in which it can be accessed. A pattern is in place of establishing course registration procedures, charging fees, conferring grants, assessing performance and awarding degrees, These mechanisms form part of a traditional system of education that can be found all over the world.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2008 The Authors
ISSN: 1970-7118
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetNot SetThe William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
Extra Information: Article originally presented at ICDE 2007, Toluca, Mexico.
Keywords: creation of knowledge; e-learning tools; learning content; mixed-mode funding approach; open source learning environment
Academic Unit/School: Learning and Teaching Innovation (LTI) > Institute of Educational Technology (IET)
Learning and Teaching Innovation (LTI)
Research Group: Centre for Research in Education and Educational Technology (CREET)
Item ID: 23855
Depositing User: Patrick McAndrew
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2010 10:29
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2018 18:59
Share this page:

Download history for this item

These details should be considered as only a guide to the number of downloads performed manually. Algorithmic methods have been applied in an attempt to remove automated downloads from the displayed statistics but no guarantee can be made as to the accuracy of the figures.

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU