Kruse, Roland and Taherzadeh, Shahram
The influences of environmental conditions on source localisation using a single vertical array and their exploitation through ground effect inversion.
German Science Foundation, Bonn, Germany.
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The performance of microphone arrays outdoors is influenced by the environmental conditions. Numerical simulations indicate that, while horizontal arrays are hardly affected, direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation with vertical arrays becomes biased in presence of ground reflections and sound speed gradients. Turbulence leads to a huge variability in the estimates by reducing the ground effect. Ground effect can be exploited by combining classical source localization with an appropriate propagation model (ground effect inversion). Not only does this allow the source elevation and range to be determined with a single vertical array but also it allows separation of sources which can no longer be distinguished by far field localization methods. Furthermore, simulations provide detail of the achievable spatial resolution depending on frequency range, array size and localization algorithm and show a clear advantage of broadband processing. Outdoor measurements with one or two sources confirm the results of the numerical simulations.
||2010 German Science Foundation
||German Science Foundation
||There are two related files attached to this record, the second of which (Ground_effect_Inversion_2_add.pdf) contains some additional information to the first (Ground_effect_Inversion_2.pdf). A shorter version of this work has also been submitted to the journal Applied Acoustics.
||source localization; ground effect inversion; outdoor sound propagation
||Mathematics, Computing and Technology > Design, Development, Environment and Materials
||20 Dec 2010 14:49
||21 May 2013 17:45
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