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Drosophila melanogaster Glutamate-Cysteine Ligase Activity Is Regulated by a Modifier Subunit with a Mechanism of Action Similar to That of the Mammalian Form

Fraser, Jennifer A.; Saunders, Robert D.C. and McLellan, Lesley I. (2002). Drosophila melanogaster Glutamate-Cysteine Ligase Activity Is Regulated by a Modifier Subunit with a Mechanism of Action Similar to That of the Mammalian Form. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277(2) pp. 1158–1165.

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URL: http://www.jbc.org/cgi/reprint/277/2/1158
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M106683200
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Abstract

Glutamate-cysteine ligase (GCL) plays an important role in regulating glutathione homeostasis. In mammals, it comprises a catalytic (GCLC) and modifier (GCLM) subunit. The existence of a modifier subunit in invertebrates has not been described to date. We now demonstrate that GCL from Drosophila melanogaster has a functional modifier subunit (DmGCLM). A putative DmGCLM was obtained as an expressed sequence tag with 27% identity to human GCLM at the amino acid level. D. melanogaster GCLC (DmGCLC) and the candidate DmGCLM were expressed separately in Escherichia coli, purified, mixed, and then subjected to gel filtration, where they eluted as an 140-kDa complex. DmGCLC co-immunoprecipitated with DmGCLM from S2 cell extracts, suggesting that they also associate in vivo. Enzyme kinetic analyses showed that DmGCLC has a Km for glutamate of 2.88 mM, but when complexed with DmGCLM, the Km for glutamate is 0.45 mM. Inhibition of DmGCLC activity by glutathione was found to be competitive with respect to glutamate (Ki 0.03 mM), whereas inhibition of the GCL complex was mixed (Ki 0.67 mM), suggesting allosteric effects. In accordance with this, DmGCLC and DmGCLM have the ability to form reversible intermolecular disulfide bridges. A further mechanism for control of D. melanogaster GCL was found to be induction of DmGCLC by tert-butylhydroquinone in S2 cells. DmGCLM levels were, however, unaffected by tert-butylhydroquinone.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 0021-9258
Extra Information: Copyright held by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
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Academic Unit/Department: Science > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Biomedical Research Network (BRN)
Item ID: 2307
Depositing User: Robert Saunders
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2006
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2014 17:41
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/2307
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