Mathematics, motion, and truth: the Earth goes round the Sun.
In: Canadian Mathematical Society and the Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Science, 4-8 June 2009, St Johns, Newfoundland, Canada.
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The reality of the Earth's motion, as proclaimed by Copernicus, quickly proved contentious. Accepted by Kepler, disputed by theologians (Lutheran and Catholic alike), veiled in suggestions of mere convenience, adopted and explained by Newton as a consequence of universal gravitation, parent of the notion of force - what is involved in accepting as true that the Earth goes round the Sun? This talk traces these debates from the early 1600s to the time of Poincaré.
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