The Open UniversitySkip to content

An illustration of the use of an atypicality index in provenancing British stone axes

Jones, M. C. and Williams-Thorpe, O. (2001). An illustration of the use of an atypicality index in provenancing British stone axes. Archaeometry, 43(1) pp. 1–18.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


An atypicality index has been used to compare the chemical compositions of 11 British prehistoric implements (axes and axe-hammers, and a mace) with previously suggested and likely sources in South Wales (Group XIII spotted dolerite from the Carnmenyn area, and Group VIII rhyolite from Carnalw). Atypicality indices together with mineralogy indicate that only two out of six supposed Group XIII implements are likely to be Group XIII, and only one of the five rhyolite implements is likely to originate from Carnalw. These results provide statistical support for earlier provenancing of seven of the implements, and provide the first geochemical source information for four implements. The results illustrate the usefulness of the atypicality index in archaeology, and support the idea that Groups XIII and VIII comprise a larger variety of chemical types than previously thought. Further work is now needed to determine how prevalent this variety is within these implement groups.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2001 University of Oxford
ISSN: 1475-4754
Keywords: Britain; South Wales; Carnmenyn; Carnalw; prehistoric; Dolerite; Rhyolite; stone axe; multivariate statistics; atypicality index; portable x-ray fluorescence; provenancing
Academic Unit/Department: Mathematics, Computing and Technology > Mathematics and Statistics
Mathematics, Computing and Technology
Science > Environment, Earth and Ecosystems
Item ID: 22679
Depositing User: Sarah Frain
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2010 12:02
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2016 14:47
Share this page:


Scopus Citations

▼ Automated document suggestions from open access sources

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   + 44 (0)870 333 4340